Photo by Gerri Miller
Thursday’s high, 83; Overnight low, 57
FRI-MOSTLY SUNNY, HIGH 86
SAT-SUNNY, HIGH 92
SUN-SUNNY, HIGH 94
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Obituaries: John Carpenter, Shinglehouse and Timothy “Tim” Charles Cole, New Port Richey, FL (formerly Coudersport)
Game Commission says study shows PA has stable fawn survival….The PA senate has adopted a resolution urging the FDA to enforce existing regulations that establish clear standards for milk labeling….Kane teenager hurt in one-vehicle crash early today….Minor injuries reported for Duke Center woman after accident Thursday morning…..Sleepy teen wrecks pick up in Tioga County……Two McKean county teens suspected of vandalizing vehicles….
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Three years of field study, 165 captured fawns and more than 200,000 trail-camera photos again have demonstrated that Pennsylvania has good, stable fawn survival.
The research, which wrapped up in 2017, was started to see if predators – particularly coyotes – were taking more fawns than documented in a two-year study that began in 2000. The Game Commission and Pennsylvania Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit at Penn State (PCFWRU) collaborated to design the study and conduct fieldwork.
Although the playing field had changed in the study areas when the second study began in 2015 – Pennsylvania had more predators and deer – the results essentially were the same, according to Christopher Rosenberry, who supervises the agency’s Deer and Elk Section.
“There was no evidence that predators were taking too many of our fawns in any of our 23 Wildlife Management Units,” Rosenberry said. “They all have stable or growing whitetail populations.”
“Our field studies have shown repeatedly that predators are the No. 1 cause of fawn mortality, and more often than not, black bears are taking the fawns,” Rosenberry said. “But fawn mortality is not causing deer-population reductions anywhere in Pennsylvania.”
Consistent fawn survival, coupled with consistent adult deer survival – 90 percent of adult deer survive from one hunting season to the next, has fostered straightforward deer management in Pennsylvania for some time, Rosenberry explained.
But even if the predator-take of fawns did impact deer populations, reductions in antlerless deer licenses would reverse their influence, Rosenberry noted.
The three principal predators that surfaced in the first study resurfaced in the second: black bears, coyotes and bobcats, said Duane Diefenbach, PCFWRU unit leader. Despite growing concern about fishers as deer predators, they didn’t take any fawns in the study. To date, no fisher has ever killed a radio-collared study fawn in North America, he noted.
In the 2015-17 study, 82 fawns were captured and fitted with radio collars on the northern study area on the Susquehannock State Forest. Another 83 fawns were captured and radio-collared on the southern study area, which included parts of the Rothrock and Bald Eagle state forests.
There were 44 mortalities on the northern study area: 33 from predators, six from humans and five from natural causes. Bears took 18 fawns; coyotes, eight; bobcats, two; and unknown predator, five.
The southern study area had 38 mortalities: 18 from predators, 13 natural causes and five from humans. Coyotes took six fawns; bears, five; bobcats, five; and unknown predator, two.
“Predation was the main source of mortality,” explained Tess Gingery, a Penn State graduate student with the PCFWRU. “It’s that way across North America.
“Since Pennsylvania’s fawn survival shows little change over time, this means that it’s stable and that makes it simpler for biologists to make harvest management recommendations,” she said.
Most fawn mortality occurred over the first eight weeks of a fawn’s life. Conversely, most human-caused mortality – roads, fences, farming activities and hunting – occurred in the 25- to 30-week window, Gingery said.
Natural mortality – starvation, disease, abandonment – was more pronounced on the southern study area in both the 2000-01 and 2015-17 studies.
Raccoons were detected more than 900 times by trail cams, said Asia Murphy, a Penn State graduate student with the PCFWRU. Bears – about 700 photos – were the most-detected major carnivore.
Interestingly, fawns – about 800 photos – were detected even more than bears, which sheds light on their mobility, as well as the closeness in which they live to carnivores.
Adult deer were detected at 97 percent of camera sites, and fawns at 44 percent. But considering bears were detected at 64 percent of camera sites, followed by coyotes, 36 percent, and bobcats, 33, it’s clear that fawns share habitat with major predators throughout much of their young lives.
Deer and bears prefer forested settings. But in the southern study area, many does summered in farm areas because it was safer for their fawns to reach a size in which they could escape predators, Murphy said. By the fall, fawns returned to forested areas.
“Does are smart,” Murphy said. “They raise their fawns in safe places.”
Does in Penn’s Valley followed the same routine in the earlier study.
Pennsylvania’s latest fawn survival study shows near identical fawn survival rates over the last two decades and corroborates the relatively stable fawn-to-doe ratios collected from annual deer harvests. Consequently, Pennsylvania’s predator impacts do not appear to changing, and if they would, the Game Commission’s has a system in place to respond, if needed.
Whitetails over time have proven their capability to adjust to whatever advantage predators may gain by using behaviors to protect fawns. For example, in addition to using safer areas to raise fawns, does will spend time away from newborn fawns, only returning to feed a few times a day, so as to not attract the attention of predators. White-tailed deer remain one of the Commonwealth’s most versatile creatures. But they share that distinction with coyotes and bears, and that’s why there almost always will be concerns about the whitetail’s wellbeing among some hunters.
We are about to close out June, “Dairy Month.” Agriculture is Pennsylvania’s number one industry; however, the dairy component of that industry is currently struggling.The state senate has passed a resolution urging the Federal Food & Drug Administration (FDA) to enforce existing regulations that establish clear standards for milk labeling. Market challenges facing dairy producers have been compounded by the mislabeling of milk products and the misappropriation of the word “milk.”Plant-based milk substitutes such as soy, almond, and coconut products contain no actual milk and often do not provide the same nutritional content as real milk, cheese, and yogurt derived from cows.The FDA explicitly defines milk as a substance exclusively derived from cows. Further, the FDA has the jurisdictional power to regulate any falsely-advertised or mislabeled product .In fact, the FDA has previously enforced their own definition of milk by blocking the sale of misleading imitation beverages that were illegally labeled as milk. The resolution’s sponsor Senator Ryan Aument says “enforcement of these standards will help Pennsylvania dairy farmers, reduce consumer confusion, and promote equity in the marketplace. “
A Bradford teen driver was hurt early today in a one-vehicle crash in Wetmore Township. Kane based state police report 18year old Wesley Cleer as going north when his Dodge 1500 went off of Pennsylvania Avenue and collided with a utility pole at around 4:30 am. Cleer was taken to Bradford Regional Medical Center for treatment of undetermined injuries.
Minor injuries were reported for a Duke Center woman after her pick up truck hit a utility pole in Keating Township Thursday morning. Melody Young was traveling east on Route 46 near the Bordell Road intersection just before 7:00 am when her Chevrolet S-10 slid across the road while making a left hand curve, wentinto a ditch, bounce back across both lanes and struck a telephone pole. Young was taken by ambulance to Bradford Regional Medical Center. Her passenger, Trenton Brown of Eldred was not hurt.
A sleepy Tioga County teenager was taken to Soldiers and Sailors Hospital in Wellsboro for treatment of injuries he suffered in a one-vehicle accident Wednesday morning. Mansfield based state police report 19 year old Ian Morgan was going west on Route 49 in Lawrenceville at about 11:30 am when he fell asleep at the wheel of his Chevrolet Silverado causing it to go off the road, collided with trees and shrubbery , traveled along an embankment where it struck a utility pole, telephone utility box and more trees and shrubbery before stopping. Morgan was taken by ambulance to Soldiers and Sailors Hospital for treatment of unknown injuries.
John D. Carpenter, 70, of Shinglehouse, passed away at home with his loving family by his side on Wednesday, June 27, 2018, after a short illness.Born on December 1, 1947 in Olean, N.Y., he was a son of Earl D. and Dorotha Oles Carpenter. John was a graduate of Oswayo Valley High School, Class of 1965, in Shinglehouse. He was a U.S. Army veteran having served during the Vietnam War. John was awarded a Bronze Star Medal and a Purple Heart for injuries received in action.John was employed at Cooper Power Systems in Olean. Through his hard work, he was able to retire at the age of 49.He was a member of Shinglehouse American Legion Post 530 and a member of the Potter County Honor Guard. He enjoyed hunting, fishing, going to his camp, and having his daily coffee with his friends. His greatest love was his family, especially his children and grandchildren, his companion, Midge, and his beloved dog, Max.Surviving besides his beloved companion, Royee K. “Midge” Niles of Shinglehouse, are three children, Tricia J. (Bill) Anastasia of Olean, Cari L. (Charlie) Even of Watertown, South Dakota, and Cory D. (Carrie) Carpenter of Shinglehouse; twelve grandchildren, Makenna, Cole, Cade, Cydney, Jaycee, Reagan, Samuel, Weslee, Keagen, Kahlie, Karley, and Khloe; two sisters, Nancy (Harold) Nolan and Patti Harder; four brothers, DeBernie (Marie) Carpenter, Donald (Sandy) Carpenter, Hugh (Chere) Carpenter, Bradley (Jaynee) Carpenter; and many nieces and nephews. John was predeceased by his parents.
Family and friends may call from noon to 3pm on Saturday, June 30, 2018 at the Virgil L. Howard Funeral Home, 118 South Union Street, Shinglehouse, where funeral services will follow at 3pm with the Rev. Bruce Taylor, pastor of Abundant Life Ministries, Westons Mills, N.Y., officiating. Burial with military honors accorded by members of the Potter County Honor Guard will be held at 12:30pm on Sunday, July 1, 2018 in the Maple Grove Cemetery, Shinglehouse.In lieu of flowers, memorials in John’s name may be made to the LEEK Hunting and Mountain Preserve, 497 SR 244E, Oswayo, PA 16915.John’s family has entrusted his care to Kevin J. Dusenbury, funeral director/owner of the Virgil L. Howard Funeral Home, Shinglehouse. To express condolences or share a fond memory of John, please visit www.virgillhowardfuneralhome.com
Timothy Charles “Tim” Cole, 54, of New Port Richey, a former longtime resident of Coudersport, passed away on Tuesday, June 26, 2018 in James A. Haley Veterans’ Hospital, Tampa, Florida, after a long illness.Born on January 29, 1964 in Camden, N.J., he was a son of N. Bruce and Josephine Grace Messier Cole.
Tim was a graduate of Coudersport High School, Class of 1983. He enlisted in the U.S. Army and later served in the U.S. Air Force. He was employed by Charles Cole Memorial Hospital in Coudersport in the food service department. While living in Florida, he generously gave of his time to help in food kitchens, aiding the needy. He enjoyed the arts and his family and many friends.
Surviving are seven brothers and sisters, Grace A. (Joe) Kellert of Coudersport, Norton B. Cole of Coudersport, Nancy L. (Jim) Loughry of Masury, Ohio, Thelma M. (Russ) Lentz of Montoursville, Judy C. Kilduff of Reading, Joseph P. (Sandy) Cole of Coudersport, and Michael J. (Linda) Cole of Coudersport; and numerous nieces and nephews.In addition to his parents, Tim was predeceased by a brother, Brian T. Cole; and an infant sister, Joann Cole.At the request of Tim’s family, there are no services planned at this time.Memorials in Tim’s name can be made to the Coudersport Public Library, 502 Park Avenue, Coudersport, PA 16915.Tim’s family has entrusted his care to Kevin J. Dusenbury, funeral director/owner of the Virgil L. Howard Funeral Home, Shinglehouse.To express condolences or share a fond memory of Tim, please visit www.virgillhowardfuneralhome.com